How to turn the Acer Aspire One into a wireless access point

Krastyo Komsalov

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October 9, 2011

1. Introduction- 3

2. Hardware description- 3

3. Some possible network configurations: 5

a. Keep old router and append Aspire inside, providing two additional wireless networks. 5

b. Using only Aspire as AP. 6

c. Bridging between the two private networks and NATing only “Welcome” public network. 6

4. Configuration (a.) - with installation instructions for all necessary software for any configuration. It is actually the initial configuration. 7

a. The easiest way of installing Slackware on Acer Aspire One- 7

b. Kernel configuration- 8

c. Remote access – XDMCP- 8

d. For consideration: 9

e. Necessary: 9

f. Optional programs: 13

5. Configuration (b.) - VLAN’s and switches- 13

6. Configuration (c.) - bridging- 14

7. Clients setup – WPA and WPA2 with self-signed certificates. 15

a. Linux. 15

b. Mac OS X 10.7.2- 15

c. Ipod. 15

d. Windows 7- 16

8. Additional administrative tasks you may consider necessary. 17

a. Limit bad clients - bit torrent 17

b. Traffic shaping- 17

c. Cache DNS server. 20

d. Log configuration. 20

9. Some final words. 21

10. Copyright 22

1. Introduction

a. I chose to have Free RADIUS, not only because I wanted a support for WPA and be able to append eventual access points with roaming, but also to have extensibility to any user data base, from local flat files to LDAP. The hostapd has also its own integrated RADIUS, but the freedom of having FreeRADIUS had been so tempting; beside the setup with flat ASCII users file is really easy. In this configuration RADIUS is configured to use files.

b. Ipv6 and DNSSEC are here to stay and no embedded router will give what I have with Linux; I am simply interested in this field. Ipv6 is not part of this configuration, but the freedom is there if you want it.

c. I wanted to have not only a standard firewall, but the full iptables power; a simple thing like SSH tunnels for my children allowing home access from school are tricky with my router and traffic shaping is simply not there. For this reason the Firewall Builder is included in this configuration with basic rule set. I think it is as far the best firewall management solution on the market and it is free for Linux.

d. I wanted to have at least two wireless networks “different ssid”, to open safely one of them and share some of my bandwidth. This I hope will make me feel not so ripped-off next time when I pay my internet bill.

e. The other solution OpenWrt had two disadvantages; My router is too weak to support OpenWrt and any router that is powerful enough for everything that I want will cost nearly as much or more then the Aspire; which I already have anyway.

f. There are no requirements or specific instructions to a certain Linux collection in this configuration. I chose Slackware because I love it; I can’t put it in better words then it is in “Ten reasons for giving Slackware Linux a go” By Jack Wallen.

2. Hardware description

My Acer Aspire One has a Model KAV10, which is one of Acer’s first over 3 year old models. Since then Acer produced many new models, but the only thing that is important is which wireless adapter model is installed in it. From what I found Acer had been changing the adapter in nearly all models. All models I checked are with different adapter from Atheros but I cannot give warranty for all. If you are thinking of buying one, check in advance what is actually in it. For mine, lspci and dmesg are giving this:

bash-4.1# lspci

01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications Inc. AR5001 Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01)

03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 Gigabit or Fast Ethernet (rev b0)

bash-4.1# dmesg |grep Atheros

[ 10.367156] ath5k phy0: Atheros AR2425 chip found (MAC: 0xe2, PHY: 0x70)

iw list

It will give you a pretty long output. Look in it for the part that looks similar to this:

Supported interface modes:


* managed

* AP


* monitor

* mesh point

Supported commands:

If there is the line “* AP” you have a good news, you have the necessary AP support for hostapd.

For the list of supported adapters, if it turns that your chipset is different you may check its status on the MadWifi website. MadWifi website is also as far the best source of documentation I found. When you decide to adjust to your needs, experiment or simply improve the configuration given below, this will be one of your primary sources of knowledge.

If you do not have Linux already installed, you may boot from Slackware or SystemRescueCd USB stick and do some investigation on your Aspire.

The model of “Linksys SRX 200” is not important. You may use any wireless router if you have any or avoid using it at all if you decide to dedicate permanently the Aspire as Wireless router.


In this configuration the Ethernet port of the Aspire is connected directly to “SRX 200”. This solves the problem that Aspire has only one Ethernet port; there has to be two Ethernet ports, one for the link to the internet the other for internal switch to provide internet to Ethernet connected computers. The two wireless networks are NAT’ed to IP address. The reason is not only to put ssid “Welcome” in separate network to simplify firewalling but to resolve some NAT and routing problems. First the devices in have to have the route to I had no problem with Linux and Solaris but my network printer simply has no such thing as routing table in its web interface. Second appending the route in “SRX 200” is not a problem, but it refuses to NAT any other network then the one connected to its interface. This is probably solvable by sub-networking its network but I think the next configurations (b.) and (c.) are better. Even with all its disadvantages, I think this configuration is the best starting point as it will not cause any disruptions or changes in your current setup until all configurations on Aspire are done and tested; then it can be easily reverted to any other. This configuration is setting you free; of course, there is the price. As the Aspire have only one Ethernet adapter you have to append second. There are two solutions. The first one “shown on the picture” is to use intelligent or managed switch and VLAN the eth0. The second one is to use USB to Ethernet adapter, to convert one of USB ports to Ethernet. The drawback of the solution with switch is that it is much more expensive, but it has the advantage of speed, stability and simplicity. The USB to Ethernet adapter is much cheaper, but it comes with questions about support of the adapter on Linux, speed and reliability.There is one more small detail to mention: Depending what kind of link to internet you have, there will be different setup for the uplink adapter. If you are on the cable then it has simply to be on DHCP. In case of ADSL “like me” you will have to configure PPPoE. On Slackware you simply have to run pppoe-setup script.

In this configuration the interfaces eth0 and wlan0 ere bridged. The network can be accessed both through “kristo” and “Acer_A1” ssid. The DHCP server on the Aspire is bind only to the wlan0_0 interface. NAT to is done only for The computers assessing the network through ssid “Acer_A1” are getting IP addresses from the DHCP server on “SRX 200”. There will have been other solution if the DHCP server on “SRX 200” had been more manageable; instead of bridging two parts of, it will be more elegant to subnet and setup a DHCP helper for the part in ssid “Acer_A1”.

This configuration has two advantages: First it avoids both routing problems of the solution (a.), and consequent NAT’ing of the “Acer_A1”. Second it gives the ability to turn the Aspire off and still provide some networking with “SRX 200”. If you can’t afford to dedicate your Aspire as AP, this is the best configuration. You will have stable network when you do not need the Aspire and you can have the Aspire back when you need it.

All programs I installed from source in /usr/local. Some configuration files I left in /usr/local/etc and some moved in /etc/. There is Slackware packages on or you may make your own if you decide it is worth the effort, but installation from source is the easiest.

This chapter is probably unnecessary, but I love to preach about Slackware.

You need a Linux FTP server, to host a Slackware and a USB stick.

First you have to make a mirror; simply get the script ““ from Alien Pastures and run it. It will put the mirror by default in /home/ftp which is exactly where you need it for the last step.

Second put the USB stick, go to the directory /home/ftp/pub/Linux/Slackware/slackware-current/usb-and-pxe-installers, unmount the USB if it is mounted and run the script to make a startup USB.



dmesg |grep sd

[86504.700524] sdb: sdb1

[86504.708517] sd 6:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through

umount /dev/sdb1

sh -i usbboot.img -o /dev/sdb

Boot from the USB and install it. Here is how to do it: it is very easy. Use network cable to connect “makes things easier”, and you will need it anyway to access the machine during the configuration of the access point, and after as your uplink.

It is a good idea to start with recompiling your kernel. Click here on my file and download it in /usr/src/linux. This is not well optimized version, only the processor is set to Intel Atom and some obviously unnecessary stuff is removed. I did not want to put here a version that is too customized to my needs. Using –j N option helps in making bzImage and modules. Seems –j 8 is around the optimum, but on first compilation you will not have this advantage. Anyway it takes forever to compile. It is important not to forget to reinstall MadWifi drivers, if someday you decide to optimize your kernel.

In case you want to keep Windows and resize its partition, the best solution is SystemRescueCd. Follow the instructions for installing it on a USB stick from here It seems a good idea to archive the partitions of your Aspire, in case you decide to return it back to the current state someday; if you can afford the space to keep the images.

Depending on how comfortable you feel with the small keyboard and monitor of Aspire, you may consider enabling XDMCP. Here is good guide how to do it If you have CygWin already installed you may not worry for X-Server, but simply run “xwin –query Aspire.IP.address” from CygWin terminal.

FreeRadius - Formally RADIUS support is necessary only if you want to have WPA Enterprise authentication, append more access points and to have authentication against external user data bases like LDAP or Novell eDirectory. Beside, you have the choice between standalone RADIUS server and the integrated in hostapd RADIUS support. With so many choices I thought it is good idea to give my arguments for choosing FreeRadius. First WEP in its 128 bit version is not so bad for security for a home, but it is so easy to configure that it takes the whole fun from the task. In its basic configuration FreeRadius is extremely easy to install and configure, which means WPA does not require so much effort. Certainly it is not easy “requires a lot of patience”, and it may take days to setup RADIUS as a DAP gateway, but in the most simple scenario as in the example here with flat ASCII files, it is five minutes work. Using the integrated in hostapd RADIUS, probably has a lower CPU load then a separate RADIUS server and it has to be considered for small embedded router, but FreeRadius has so little requirements that even on Aspire the additional load is barely detectible.

First, create some users, simply by appending at the end of “user” file something like –

User1 Cleartext-Password := "password1"

Second, change the “secret” statement in the clients.conf; all communication in this configuration is going through looback address, which is configured by default.

Third, copy rc.radiusd script from the freeradius-server-2.1.11/scripts to /etc/rc.d/. During the first tests of your newly installed RADIUS server run it with “radiusd –X”, but once you are satisfied, insert the line “/etc/rc.d/rc.radiusd start“ in the “/etc/rc.d/rc.local” file. Create the file “/etc/rc.d/rc.local_shutdown”, make it executable and put the corresponding “/etc/rc.d/rc.radiusd stop“ in it. From now, if you have problems with RADIUS you will look in /usr/local/var/log/radius. Also in /usr/local/var/log/radius/radacct/ you will find a lot of information related to the authentication.

Fourth - optional: The default self-signed certificates generated during the installation in “/usr/local/etc/raddb/certs” are good, but if you want your self-signed certificates to show something different then you may generate yours. All certificates are in the RADIUS subdirectory “certs”.

MadWifi project

hostapd: IEEE 802.11 AP, IEEE 802.1X/WPA/WPA2/EAP/RADIUS Authenticator I used hostapd-0.7.3 and madwifi-0.9.4-r4167-20110827.

First, I installed MadWifi as there is a remark about hostapd in README-WPS, that hostapd needs to know where the libraries of MadWifi are. All instructions for installing MadWifi are in the INSTALL file in the source. Look in README file in the source for the necessary kernel configuration. Make the eventual necessary changes in your kernel or simply use my kernel . The only thing that is not mentioned but I thought necessary is to do “make install” at the end, simply to be sure all is on place.

Second I installed hostapd. Here is the most sophisticated part of all installation. In the source directory “whatever place you extracted it”, there is a subdirectory hostapd. In order to compile the file you need a .config file. You may copy the file defconfig to .config in same directory and then edit it. The changes you make in it depend from the configuration that you want to build and types of authentication that you plan to support. Here is the place that you have settings for example about what kind of RADIUS support you want, and many more. These are the changes in my .config:


CFLAGS += -I/tmp/2/madwifi-0.9.4-r4167-20110827 # change to the madwifi source directory








And here is the link to get my .config which I called “” to avoid the confusion with kernel .config. It is with the settings for the configuration described here. You may simply copy it in hostapd subdirectory and rename it .config; then make, make install. You will have to change the path to MadWifi libraries:

CFLAGS += -I/tmp/2/madwifi-0.9.4-r4167-20110827

to wherever you installed them in previous steps. Even if you decide to go simply by using my configuration file, I strongly recommend you to read the file and also README and README-WPS that are in the same directory. This will not only give you better understanding but also may spark ideas for interesting experiments. If you decide to dig deeper, check the dependences between the variables in the Makefile “ifdef constructions”. Follow the advice of the “Matrix” movie “Go to the source”.

Create the directory /etc/hostapd/ and copy in it at least hostapd.conf from the source directory “do not confuse it with my hostapd.config it is copy of my .config for hostapd”. This is the changes for configuration (a.):






















You may have to copy some other files and eventually create some if you decide to change the configuration and of course fix the path to them in hostapd.conf. Here is my for network configuration (a.) You may use as it is; the only absolutely necessary change is to put your RADIUS secret.



At first run hostapd in terminal, like this:

/usr/local/bin/hostapd -dd /etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf

After you get bored looking on the hostapd in a terminal and running it manually, you may get the rc.hostapd from, put it in /etc/rc.d, fix the paths in it, call it from /etc/rc.d/rc.local and stop it from rc.local_shutdown.

At this state your rc.local should look, something like this:



# /etc/rc.d/rc.local: Local system initialization script.


# Put any local startup commands in here. Also, if you have

# anything that needs to be run at shutdown time you can

# make an /etc/rc.d/rc.local_shutdown script and put those

# commands in there.

/etc/rc.d/rc.radiusd start

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0 up

/sbin/iwconfig wlan0 channel auto

route add default gw

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0

/etc/rc.d/rc.hostapd start

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0_0

/usr/sbin/dhcpd wlan0 wlan0_0


And your rc.local_shutdown:



/etc/rc.d/rc.hostapd stop

/etc/rc.d/rc.radiusd start


Here is my simple dhcpd.conf file:


ddns-update-style none;

default-lease-time 604800;

# 7 days 7*86400

max-lease-time 2592000;

# 30 days 30*86400

subnet netmask {



option domain-name "";

option broadcast-address;

option routers;

option domain-name-servers,,;


subnet netmask {


option domain-name "";

option broadcast-address;

option routers;

option domain-name-servers,,;


#log-facility local7;

I decided to have a caching DNS server on the Aspire; it is not necessary, but it is necessary to put your DNS servers in the dhcpd.conf.

Firewall builder by NetCitadel

Having a firewall is not exactly an option and you will have to do some NAT with iptables anyway. Of course you may do it manually but I strongly recommend you the Firewall Builder. From my point of view it is as far the best firewall management solution on the market “it is free for linux”. It is my hobby to optimize firewalls and surely given enough time I will write a more optimized script “humans always do better than the computer :-)”, but I will never find the time to write a better structured and easy human readable script. Here is e script generated with it for the configuration a., as an example of the quality. On Slackware, simply download the source and compile it; run ldconfig after “make install”.

Wireshark -

For this configuration I used a Cisco Catalyst 2900 XL switch. I am on Bell Sympatico ADSL with SpeedStream 5360 Ethernet ADSL modem, which is actually only a bridge. It turned out that it does not matter how I configured the port on the Cisco Catalyst it did not want to detect the SpeedStream. At the end I gave up and used one small 5 port TrendNet TE100-SS/CA switch in between them. As SpeedStream 5360 are nearly despaired nowadays, you probably will not have such a problem. Most of the now a days DSL modems are actually routers and have integrated PPPoE support and for this configuration it is only necessary to VLAN the switch and eth0. I used Cisco Catalyst, only because this is what I managed to borrow which is actually not so bad, but if you are thinking of buying one, look for something better.

I configured two additional VLAN’s on it:

VLAN Name Status Ports

Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8, Fa0/13,

Fa0/14, Fa0/15, Fa0/16, Fa0/20,

Fa0/21, Fa0/22, Fa0/23, Fa0/24

2 VLAN0002 active Fa0/9, Fa0/10, Fa0/11, Fa0/12

3 VLAN0003 active Fa0/17, Fa0/18, Fa0/19

Port FA01 is a tagged port; I am not giving the detailed commands to setup it as they will depend of whatever model switch is available.

ifconfig eth0

to remove the IP address from eth0, then:

ip link add link eth0 name eth0.1 type vlan id 1

ip link add link eth0 name eth0.2 type vlan id 2

ifconfig eth0.1 up

ifconfig eth0.2 up

Of course “vlan id NN” will have to be replaces with yours. In my case the new IP are set back like this:

ifconfig eth0.1

ifconfig eth0.2 netmask

You may choose to go with something more traditional like for your future default gateway if you like. I used eth0.1 as uplink. If you want your physical wireless and wired networks to be in same network, to mimic the behavior of the commercial routers, you may bridge eth0.2 and wlan0. Check configuration (c.) below for help with bridging. The only real reason you may want this is if you want to use Microsoft workgroup network, but even in this case you may consider installing Samba as master browser on the Aspire as a better idea.

In my case I had to setup PPPoE by running pppoe-setup script. For most people this will not be necessary but if it happens it is easy; you should only pay attention to the last question and answer it depending on the firewall management you choose. Only in the case of Bell Sympatico you may hit on additional problems with MTU auto discovery. If it turn out that you are able to ping external machines, but browsing barely work, if at all, you will have to use some commands like next one in your firewall script:

iptables -A FORWARD -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,RST SYN -j TCPMSS --clamp-mss-to-pmtu

In the case you decide to use firewall builder, it is only matter of checking the check box “Clamp MSS to MTU” in firewall settings. If you want to know more about this problem check “Linux Advanced Routing & Traffic Control HOWTO”.

This is the configuration I chose to stay on for now, as it will allow me to pull time to time my Aspire from the network and still have a network “I use the Aspire as GPS with USB satellite antenna when I travel”. Here is a /etc/rc.d/rc.local file:



# /etc/rc.d/rc.local: Local system initialization script.


# Put any local startup commands in here. Also, if you have

# anything that needs to be run at shutdown time you can

# make an /etc/rc.d/rc.local_shutdown script and put those

# commands in there.

/etc/rc.d/rc.radiusd start

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0 up

/sbin/iwconfig wlan0 channel auto

/etc/rc.d/rc.hostapd start

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0_0

/sbin/ifconfig eth0 up

/sbin/ifconfig wlan0 up

/usr/sbin/brctl addbr br0

/sbin/ifconfig br0 up

/usr/sbin/brctl addif br0 eth0

/usr/sbin/brctl addif br0 wlan0

/sbin/ifconfig br0

/sbin/route add default gw

/usr/sbin/dhcpd wlan0_0


/etc/rc.d/rc.traffic_shaping start

/etc/rc.d/rc.bind restart


The part about bridging is in bold, it is I think self-explanatory; the bridging on Linux is really easy and never gave me any troubles. Spanning tree should be off as it is by default; put it on only if you really know what you are doing.

The dhcpd is bound only to wlan0 to serve addresses to Welcome network. Acer_A1 network is getting its IP addresses from “Linksys SRX 200” DHCP server trough the bridge “it transfers broadcasts transparently”.

The script is for traffic shaping which turned out to be necessary, as some of the clients in Welcome misbehaved “see 6. Additional administrative tasks”.

Of course you need a firewall too; here is the created with FWbuilder project and the generated from it script ; really basic, but a good start point.

After I used this configuration for around a month I decided to switch to WPA2. It require only to change wpa=1 in /etc/hostapd.conf to wpa=2 and restart hostapd. I was worried about the amount of work required to reconfigure all clients, but it turn that there is only some small changes for Windows clients.

Slackware comes with Wicd in /Slackware/slackware-current/extra/wicd directory and it works fine, simply install it. Most other collections seem to be using NetworkManager, but anyway there are no problems.

When I first tried to connect, it showed a message stating that the certificate is not from a known authority and offered me a check a box to accept it permanently, then it asked for username and password and then it simply worked. There is a key management program in Utilities called Key Chain Access. Here I marked the certificate as trusted and it became green. I do not think this was necessary but simply wanted to be on a safe side. The instruction I found, actually recommended to install the certificate manually in advance, but it turned out that Mac will do it for you. When you decide to use WPA2 there will be no need even to touch it. It detects the change of the access point, changes the stings accordingly and even reuses the username and password from the previous configuration


I have only second hand experience, as I asked my son to do it; did not want to look for my glasses and break my fingers with the toy. It was the same as the Mac, asked to accept the certificate and for username and password.

Nightmare – Do not expect to get a question about the certificate at this state - you will have to install the certificate in advance by yourself. Get it from /usr/local/etc/raddb/certs /; I did it with USB stick. The instructions from internet are to create connection manually and install the certificate when the wizard reaches this point; it does not help and Windows continues to complain about the certificate. I installed it through control panel, internet options; did not help either. Played with the check boxes “the best approach to Windows isn’t it”, and did some googleing. Suddenly it worked – when I tried to connect it asked to accept the certificate “the same one which I installed and I marked it trusted in all the places possible in advance!!!” Then username and password and it worked. This is the picture with the options for the certificate.

Simply because this is not enough you will have to do the same for all users on each laptop separately; even on the same laptop the procedure for each user will be similar but different.

The only advice I can give is “be persistent” and it will work. If you google the problem you will find that some people simply got around by buying certificates “obviously it comes cheaper for big number of laptops”, but maybe quitting Windows is better.

It did not take more than a couple of days for around a 30 of my neighbors to start using the open “Welcome” network. Most of them turned to be with a very modest requirement, doing mostly mail and some surfing, but two or three fans of bittorrent turned out to be a problem. If you decide to provide some Internet for your neighbors you certainly should do something about it.

$IPTABLES -t mangle -N Bittorrent

$IPTABLES -t mangle -A PREROUTING -s -m ipp2p --bit -j Bittorrent

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s -m ipp2p --bit -j Bittorrent

$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -s -m ipp2p --bit -j Bittorrent

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -s -m ipp2p --bit -j Bittorrent

$IPTABLES -A Bittorrent -j LOG --log-level info --log-prefix "Bittorrent "

$IPTABLES -t mangle -A Bittorrent -j LOG --log-level info --log-prefix "Bittorrent m "

$IPTABLES -A Bittorrent -j DROP

$IPTABLES -t mangle -A Bittorrent -j DROP

Most of these commands are unnecessary, even putting simply:

iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -s -m ipp2p --bit –j DROP

will do most of the job. You simply put it before the line

to get the best results.

Decision to spend some time to setup and fine tune traffic shaping depend on the type of Internet connection, the number of clients you have, their behavior and most important will you provide some Internet for your neighbors.

If you have a relatively fast symmetric connection you have nothing to worry, but if you are on something like ADSL and your provider have wired behavior, then taking your queue to your machine makes a real difference. You may read about the idea here The “Ultimate Traffic Conditioner”.

It is important to mention that since the time of writing of “Linux Advanced Routing & Traffic Control HOWTO”, lots of things had changed, but probably the most important thing in the field of traffic shaping is the “Intermediate Functional Block device”. Lots of work had been done in the field and you have to be really careful when you are doing your own research as many of the documentation and examples in the Internet are outdated. Most examples will still work fine, but often better solutions had been developed since then.

My traffic shaping script had the following of goals:

a. Move the queue to my machine.

b. Provide fairness booth between my family clients and between guests in the “Welcome” network.

c. Give warranted advantage to my own clients, leaving the clients in “Welcome” with what is left, but in the same time to warrant them some bandwidth even in the moments of heavy load. My Internet connection is actually 99% unused anyway, but I did not want to listen to complains from my family.

d. Have a method to separate really misbehaving clients from the crowd.

Here is the resulting script . It does what I wanted, but it is certainly not perfect and will require more fine-tuning. Anyway you will have to readjust it to your conditions.

One very important thing that has to be mentioned is that limiting the outgoing traffic from certain source, does not lead to proportional limitation of the income traffic. Most of the streaming protocols require very small amount of outgoing requests in order to get real flood of incoming video. The result is that even class 1:13 “this is the place bad people finish”, may seems too restrictive with its “rate 10kbit burst 15kbit” it actually gives around 600kbits download speed. The point is – to have a precise control; you have to shape incoming connections too.

Next is the chart of outgoing traffic shaping.

The traffic goes as follow:

From Acer_A1 ->1:11

From Welcome -> 1:12

Bad clients -> 1:13

Between may cable clients and Acer_A1 -> 1:2

The traffic is classified by iptables with rules like this for example:

iptables -t mangle -A POSTROUTING -s -d -j CLASSIFY --set-class 1:2

You may see it in “Policy: Traffic_Control” in or check the details in script.

The next picture is the chart of incoming traffic shaping.

The traffic goes as follow:

To Acer_A1 ->1:31

From Welcome -> 1:32

Bad clients -> 1:33 – nobody is there yet, but it is readyJ.

Between may cable clients and Acer_A1 -> 1:4

Here, first you have to get ifb0 “Intermediate Functional Block device” device working. It turned out that the module does not load automatically. It is loaded in the script by:

/sbin/modprobe ifb

ifconfig ifb0 up

The next problem is really interesting – see the part of the script rc.traffic_shaping below:


# It is necessary to mirror both eth0 and br0 to ifb0 in order to have both traffics

# with destinations and,

# because each of them sees only one destination as outgoing.

# You may check it by remarking one of the mirrors and the running WireShark on ifb0.

tc filter add dev $DEV parent ffff: protocol ip prio 10 u32 \

match ip dst flowid 1: \

action mirred egress redirect dev ifb0

tc filter add dev br0 parent ffff: protocol ip prio 10 u32 \

match ip dst flowid 1: \

action mirred egress redirect dev ifb0


The $DEV=eth0, probably there is better solution, but this is the only one I found to work.

You will need the next commands, to investigate and adjust the script to your needs:

tc class ls dev eth0

tc class ls dev ifb0

tc -s -d qdisc show dev eth0

tc -s -d qdisc show dev ifb0

tc -s class show dev eth0

Having the cache DNS server was a great advantage in the time when we thought that 28’800 modem is lighting fast. With nowadays speed the percentage of economized bandwidth is close to zero, but it is so easy to install, and beside old habits die hard. Simply make /etc/rc.d/rc.bind executable. Slackware has /etc/named.conf pre-ready. It is good idea to setup regular updates of named.root, let’s say simply by creating the script /etc/cron.monthly/named.root and put the following two commands in it:



/usr/bin/wget --user=ftp --password=ftp -O /var/named/caching-example/named.root

/etc/rc.d/rc.bind restart

The dhcpd log can be moved to separate files by three simple steps:

Putting the next line at the end of the dhcpd.conf

log-facility local7;

Append at the end of /etc/syslog.conf the line

local7.* -/var/log/dhcpd.log

Create empty dhcpd.log by:

Of course dhcpd and syslogd have to be restarted.

iptables log. If you use Firewall Builder or simply like to have extensive log from your firewall it is a tempting idea to move iptables log in separate file. The complication here comes from the limited choice of “--log-level X” you have. As a result that iptables, actually the kernel is doing all the filtering, all logs come in log facility “kern.*”, your choice is limited between all levels “0 emerg, 1 alert, 2 crit, 3 err, 4 warning, 5 notice, 6 info, 7 debug”. Beside “crit” is the default level for klogd to send messages to the console; whatever goes on this level inevitably goes on the console as well. You may experiment with other levels or try to change “klogd -c 3” to something else.

After these difficult choices everything else is simple.

First either change log level setting in Firewall Builder, or if you wrote your own script set something like “-j LOG --log-level warn --log-prefix “my log text””.

Second append at the end of /etc/syslog.conf the line:

and exclude it from


authpriv.none;cron.none;mail.none;news.none -/var/log/syslog

If you decide to experiment with other levels for example “notice”, change it like this:

kern.=notice /var/log/fwbuilder.log

But in the case of “notice” you will also have to exclude “kern.notice” from /var/log/messages by editing the related line in syslog.conf in a similar way to the following line:


authpriv.none;cron.none;mail.none;news.none -/var/log/messages

cat /var/log/fwbuilder.log |grep RULE –v

It passed over a month since I started writing this document, creating the access point took me three days, but writing did not go as fast as I wanted it.

For this time the AP did not drop one connection and provided nearly 100m coverage. No common error messages common for “Linksys SRX 200”.

Over 30 of my neighbors started using it, more or less heavily; some really heavily.

At the moment:

root@acer:/var/log# cat /proc/net/ip_conntrack |grep tcp -c


root@acer:/var/log# cat /proc/net/ip_conntrack |grep udp -c


But even at the moment of a heavy load, like below, not only the network remained stable, but it also provided a descent speed for everybody.

Now I have descent log files like:

Nov 21 21:29:49 acer kernel: [420579.216945] RULE 3 -- CONTINUE IN=wlan0_0 OUT=br0 SRC= _fcksavedurl="" _fcksavedurl="" _fcksavedurl="" _fcksavedurl="" DST= LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=63 ID=58669 DF PROTO=TCP SPT=49604 DPT=80 WINDOW=0 RES=0x00 RST URGP=0

10. Copyright

Copyright (C) 2011 Krastyo Komsalov.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document

under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3

or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;

with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.

A copy of the license is available from


WikiSandBox (last edited 2011-12-22 18:16:07 by KrastyoKomsalov)